With Curiosity Rover very much in the news this week, it seems a good time to highlight the educational resources available from NASA. Space Math @ NASA introduces students to the use of mathematics in todays scientific discoveries. The site includes Mathematics in the news – a look at the Mathematics involved in NASA press releases together with resources.
Note the Problem Archives which contain an extensive collection of problems. Several booklets are also available, see for example Exploring Space Math. The booklet includes (page 4) a table showing the topics covered by each activity. Why not use some solar wind magnetism data when teaching directed numbers or use solar flares when looking at equations and substitution?
You can also search for education materials by subject and by age, selecting the subject title Mathematics will allow you to refine your search.